Vascular Surgeons specialize in the diagnosis and comprehnsive treatment and repair of all vessels outside the heart.  Non-invasive testing to determine vascular blood flow, such as ultrsound or an ankle brachial index performed with a stethoscope-like device, may lead to the diagnosis and treament of one of the followind conditions:

Carotid Artery Disease:
Blockages in the arteries leading to the brain are the leading cause of stroke in the United States.  A simple ultrsound test can determine if there is significant blockage, which can be removed with a minimally invasive surgical procedure.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA): 
Swelling of the major artery of the abdomen can lead to rupture, which is often fatal. Repair of these aneurysms before they rupture is highly successful, and can now be done with minor surgery using a minimally-invasive aortic stent-graft.  Some patients require the open abdominal surgery, depending upon the specific characteristics of the aneurysm.

Kidney (or Renal) Artery Disease:
Renal artery disease is the narrowing of the vessels that supply the kidney. When blood flow to the kidneys is normal, the kidney filters waste and helps control blood pressure by secreting the hormone renin. When the blood flow is decreased, the kidneys are not able to perform these important funtions, and may lead to severe high blood pressure and/or kidney failure. 

Peripheral Arterial Disease:
Atherosclerosis can take place anywhere in the vascular system, not just in the heart. Blockages in the arteries of the legs can lead to symptoms ranging from intermittent hip and/or leg pain with walking (claudication), to gangrene of the toes. Many non-surgical options for treatment include balloon angioplasty, stents, and Silverhawk Atherectomy. When surgery is required, microsurgical techniques permit bypass of diseased arteries to prevent the need for amputation.

Intestinal Artery Disease:
Blockages in the arteries to the intestines can lead to unexplained weight loss, pain in the abdomen after eating, or frequent diarrhea. Sometimes more than one symptom can happen at the same time.

Dialysis Access:
Patients with kidney failure rely upon created vascular loops between arteries and veins to enable hemodialysis

Varicose Veins:
A common disorder created by poorly functioning veins that can cause pain and unsightly deformity. State-of-the-art techniques to treat this condition, such as laser and injection sclerotherapy, are available at the Vascular Center.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome:
This disorder affects the nerves that pass into the arms from the neck. It is a  common cause of arm and shoulder pain, numbness in the hands, and at times, arm swelling.